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HomeNewsNew discoveries
Sacrificial altar unearthed in China's largest prehistoric city
From:People's Daily  Writer:  Date:2014-02-25
Chinese archaeologists have discovered altar relics at the ruins of a neolithic city, which indicate religious culture at that time.
 
An initial survey showed the eight-meter-high altar had a three-tiered structure with a stone base 90 meters long. Jade relics and pits for offerings as deep as three meters were found nearby, said Sun Zhouyong, deputy head of the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology on Feb 20.


A bird's-eye view of remnants of Shimao ancient city. 


Females' skulls are unearthed


Skulls unearthed
 
Excavation has not started at the altar, outside the walls of the Shimao Ruins in Shenmu County.
 
Archaeologists have collected some jade for further research. They excavated over 80 human skulls last year.


An archaeological team discovers two piles of human skulls in the ruins of Simao ancient city. 


An aerial view of remnants of Shimao ancient city
 
Shimao Ruins were discovered in 1976 , but archaeologists did conduct a a thorough survey until last year, which led to more discoveries.
 
The city was found to have inner and outer structures, and the walls surrounding the outer city extend over four square kilometers.


More than 100 mural debris are discovered in remnant of Shimao ancient city


Archaeologists unearth a jade ware from the remnant of Shimao ancient city
 
The city was built about 4,300 years ago and abandoned roughly 300 years later during the Xia Dynasty (2100-1600 BC), the first dynasty in China described in historical chronicles.

 

 
 
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